Cómo instalar Java 10 en Arch Linux

Este breve tutorial paso a paso te enseñará cómo instalar Oracle Java 10 en Arch Linux y sus derivados, como Antergos y Manjaro Linux, etc. Podemos instalar Oracle Java desde la fuente o utilizando cualquier programa auxiliar de AUR, por ejemplo, Yay. Sin embargo, la instalación de Java utilizando Yay AUR helper es la forma más fácil y simple. Comencemos

Primero actualiza tu sistema Arch Linux usando el comando:


$ sudo pacman -Syyu

Luego, instala Yay si aún no lo has instalado. Hazlo como se describe en el siguiente enlace.

Después de instalar Yaourt o Packer, busca las versiones de Java disponibles. Para buscar versiones disponibles de Oracle Java usa el comando:


$ yay jdk

El comando anterior mostrará todas las versiones disponibles de Oracle JDK y JRE. Simplemente escribe el número de tu elección. Voy a instalar la versión más reciente de Oracle Java, que es la versión 10.0.2 al momento de escribir esta guía. Entonces, ingresé el número: 24.















































1 extra/jdk10-openjdk 10.0.1.u10-1 (78.0 MiB 89.2 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 10 development kit
2 extra/jdk7-openjdk 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (15.2 MiB 19.6 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 7 development kit
3 extra/jdk8-openjdk 8.u172-2 (8.2 MiB 38.0 MiB) (Installed)
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit
4 extra/jdk9-openjdk 9.0.4.u11-1 (78.0 MiB 89.8 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 9 development kit
5 extra/jre10-openjdk 10.0.1.u10-1 (229.6 KiB 663.0 KiB) 
OpenJDK Java 10 full runtime environment
6 extra/jre10-openjdk-headless 10.0.1.u10-1 (34.3 MiB 170.5 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 10 headless runtime environment
7 extra/jre7-openjdk 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (160.4 KiB 444.0 KiB) 
OpenJDK Java 7 full runtime environment
8 extra/jre7-openjdk-headless 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (42.6 MiB 78.3 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 7 headless runtime environment
9 extra/jre8-openjdk 8.u172-2 (166.6 KiB 458.0 KiB) (Installed)
OpenJDK Java 8 full runtime environment
10 extra/jre8-openjdk-headless 8.u172-2 (26.0 MiB 95.8 MiB) (Installed)
OpenJDK Java 8 headless runtime environment
11 extra/jre9-openjdk 9.0.4.u11-1 (230.7 KiB 632.0 KiB) 
OpenJDK Java 9 full runtime environment
12 extra/jre9-openjdk-headless 9.0.4.u11-1 (34.1 MiB 170.7 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 9 headless runtime environment
13 extra/openjdk10-doc 10.0.1.u10-1 (14.7 MiB 309.5 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 10 documentation
14 extra/openjdk10-src 10.0.1.u10-1 (55.1 MiB 62.5 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 10 sources
15 extra/openjdk7-doc 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (10.8 MiB 233.2 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 7 documentation
16 extra/openjdk7-src 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (38.4 MiB 43.0 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 7 sources
17 extra/openjdk8-doc 8.u172-2 (12.0 MiB 271.8 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 8 documentation
18 extra/openjdk8-src 8.u172-2 (21.0 MiB 22.8 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 8 sources
19 extra/openjdk9-doc 9.0.4.u11-1 (14.7 MiB 316.8 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 9 documentation
20 extra/openjdk9-src 9.0.4.u11-1 (55.2 MiB 63.5 MiB) 
OpenJDK Java 9 sources
21 extra/visualvm 1.3.9-1 (7.9 MiB 32.4 MiB) 
Visual tool integrating several commandline JDK tools and lightweight profiling capabilities
22 community/java-atk-wrapper-openjdk7 0.33.3-1 (3.6 KiB 1.0 KiB) 
ATK wrapper for screen reader access to Java Swing applications - OpenJDK 7
23 community/java-atk-wrapper-openjdk8 0.33.3-1 (3.5 KiB 1.0 KiB) 
ATK wrapper for screen reader access to Java Swing applications - OpenJDK 8
24 aur/jdk 10.0.2-1 (+787 5.21%)


































































































 
Oracle Java Development Kit
25 aur/jdk7 7u80-1 (+136 0.15%) 
Oracle Java 7 Development Kit (public release - end of support)
26 aur/jdk6 6u45-6 (+85 0.93%) 
Oracle Java 6 Development Kit (public release - end of support)
27 aur/jdk-docs 10.0.2-1 (+57 0.41%) 
Documentation for Oracle Java Development Kit
28 aur/jdk8 8u181-1 (+55 4.18%) 
Oracle Java 8 Development Kit
29 aur/jdk-devel 11b24-1 (+40 0.95%) 
Oracle Java 11 Development Kit Snapshot
30 aur/jre8-openjdk-headless-infinality 8.u172-3 (+33 0.31%) (Orphaned) 
OpenJDK Java 8 headless runtime environment with infinality patch applied
31 aur/jre8-openjdk-infinality 8.u172-3 (+33 0.31%) (Orphaned) 
OpenJDK Java 8 full runtime environment with infinality patch applied
32 aur/jdk8-openjdk-infinality 8.u172-3 (+33 0.31%) (Orphaned) 
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit with infinality patch applied
33 aur/jdk7-openjdk-infinality 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (+27 0.10%) 
OpenJDK Java 7 development kit
34 aur/jre7-openjdk-infinality 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (+27 0.10%) 
OpenJDK Java 7 full runtime environment
35 aur/jre7-openjdk-headless-infinality 7.u171_2.6.13-1 (+27 0.10%) 
OpenJDK Java 7 headless runtime environment
36 aur/intellij-idea-ce 2018.2-1 (+25 1.08%) 
Intellij Idea IDE (community version) with Intellij JDK
37 aur/intellij-jdk 8u152b1293.1-1 (+21 0.12%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit with some fixes and enhancements by JetBrains
38 aur/bin32-jdk 8u181-1 (+17 0.11%) 
Oracle Java 8 Development Kit (32-bit)
39 aur/jdk-arm 8u181-1 (+13 0.64%) 
Oracle Java Development Kit (v8) for ARMv7, ARMv6 and ARMv8 (64-bit)
40 aur/jre8-openjdk-jetbrains-headless 8.u152.b1119.3-1 (+10 0.43%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 headless runtime environment (with JetBrains patches)
41 aur/jre8-openjdk-jetbrains 8.u152.b1119.3-1 (+10 0.43%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 full runtime environment (with JetBrains patches)
42 aur/openjdk8-jetbrains-doc 8.u152.b1119.3-1 (+10 0.43%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 documentation (with JetBrains patches)
43 aur/jdk8-openjdk-jetbrains 8.u152.b1119.3-1 (+10 0.43%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit (with JetBrains patches)
44 aur/openjdk8-jetbrains-src 8.u152.b1119.3-1 (+10 0.43%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 sources (with JetBrains patches)
45 aur/jdk-demos 8u181-1 (+7 0.00%) 
Demos and samples of common tasks and new functionality in Oracle Java 8 Development Kit
46 aur/bin32-jdk7 7u80-1 (+7 0.00%) 
Oracle Java 7 Development Kit (32-bit) (public release - end of support)
47 aur/jdk8-docs 8u181-1 (+7 0.30%) 
Documentation for Oracle Java 8 Development Kit
48 aur/jdk-devel-docs 11b24-1 (+7 0.02%) 
Documentation for Oracle Java 11 Development Kit Snapshot
49 aur/jdk9 9.0.4-1 (+6 0.54%) 
Oracle Java 9 Development Kit (public release - end of support)
50 aur/jdk9-openj9-bin 9.181-2 (+6 0.04%) (Out-of-date 2018-06-30) 
Eclipse (former IBM) OpenJ9 with openjdk9
51 aur/tuxjdk-doc 8.152.03-2 (+5 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 documentation
52 aur/tuxjdk 8.152.03-2 (+5 0.00%) 
Enhanced Open Java Development Kit for developers on Linux. Contains series of patched to OpenJDK to enhance user experience with Java-based and Swing-based tools (NetBeans, Idea, Android Studio, etc)
53 aur/tuxjdk-src 8.152.03-2 (+5 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 sources
54 aur/jdk8-j9-bin 8.0.5.7-1 (+4 0.02%) 
IBM® SDK, Java Technology Edition, Version 8
55 aur/jdk8-openj9-bin 8u162-b12-1 (+4 0.08%) 
Eclipse (former IBM) OpenJ9 with openjdk8
56 aur/bin32-jdk6 6u45-5 (+3 0.00%) 
Oracle Java 6 Development Kit (32-bit) (public release - end of support)
57 aur/jdk5 5u22-1 (+3 0.00%) 
Oracle Java 5 Development Kit (public release - end of support)
58 aur/ldapjdk 4.19-1 (+2 0.00%) 
The Mozilla LDAP Java SDK
59 aur/bin32-jdk5 5u22-1 (+2 0.00%) 
Oracle Java 5 Development Kit (32-bit) (public release - end of support)
60 aur/zulu-jdk 8u144b01-1 (+2 0.01%) (Out-of-date 2017-11-13) 
Zulu JVM built upon OpenJDK 8
61 aur/jdk7r1-j9-bin 7.1.4.15-1 (+1 0.02%) 
IBM® SDK, Java Technology Edition, Version 7 Release 1
62 aur/jdk-dcevm 8u144-1 (+1 0.00%) 
Oracle Java Development Kit with DCEVM patches
63 aur/java8-openjdk-hsdis 8.u112-1 (+1 0.00%) (Out-of-date 2018-05-14) 
Disassembler for HotSpot
64 aur/jdk7-j9-bin 7.0.10.15-1 (+1 0.02%) 
IBM® SDK, Java Technology Edition, Version 7
65 aur/jre8-openjdk-shenandoah 8.u172_20180725_hotspot90ead13709c0-1 (+0 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 full runtime environment
66 aur/jre8-openjdk-shenandoah-headless 8.u172_20180725_hotspot90ead13709c0-1 (+0 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 headless runtime environment
67 aur/jdk8-openjdk-shenandoah 8.u172_20180725_hotspot90ead13709c0-1 (+0 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit
68 aur/openjdk8-shenandoah-src 8.u172_20180725_hotspot90ead13709c0-1 (+0 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 sources
69 aur/openjdk8-shenandoah-doc 8.u172_20180725_hotspot90ead13709c0-1 (+0 0.00%) 
OpenJDK Java 8 documentation
70 aur/jtreg 4.2+b12+7b1496d2790e-1 (+0 0.00%) 
Regression Test Harness for the JDK
71 aur/jtreg-hg r429+.7b1496d2790e+-1 (+0 0.00%) 
Regression Test Harness for the JDK
72 aur/java-8-openjdk-shenandoah b219-1 (+0 0.00%) (Orphaned) 
OpenJDK Java 8 development kit with ultra-low pause time Shenandoah GC
==> Packages to install (eg: 1 2 3, 1-3 or ^4)
==> 24

Durante la instalación, se te pedirá que ingreses la contraseña del usuario sudo. Ingresa la contraseña y espera unos instantes para completar la instalación.

Luego revisa los entornos Java disponibles en tu sistema usando el comando:


$ archlinux-java status



Available Java environments:
java-10-jdk
java-8-openjdk (default)

Como puedes ver en el resultado anterior, tengo dos versiones de Java (openjdk y oracle java) y el entorno predeterminado es java-8-openjdk. Para configurar Oracle jdk como java predeterminado, ejecuta el siguiente comando:


$ sudo archlinux-java set java-10-jdk/jre

Si has establecido un enlace de entorno java no válido, usa el siguiente comando para solucionarlo.


$ sudo archlinux-java fix

Eso es. Ahora, verifica la versión java usando el comando:


$ java -version

Salida:



java version "10.0.2" 2018-07-17
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment 18.3 (build 10.0.2+13)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM 18.3 (build 10.0.2+13, mixed mode)

Fuente:  

 

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